Understanding Delay Effects, Part 2

Delay Setting Signal

Last post, I gave you an overview of the different types of delay effects, let’s discuss some of the specific delay parameters (settings).

Delay Time

This setting is the time between the original signal and the delayed signal. (This is where you would refer back to the last article and choose your delay time setting according to the type of effect you want)

Mix or Dry/Wet

Balance between the delayed or “wet” (delayed) signal and the original signal.

Feedback

The amount of feedback coming back to the delay input. It controls the number of repetitions of the delayed signal.

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Additional Delay Settings and Parameters May Include:

Other delay settings exist depending on the hardware unit or plugin available to you.

Input or Gain

How much signal coming into the device. You’d adjust this setting to prevent clipping.

LPF (Low-Pass Filter)

Set this delay parameter to control the cutoff frequency of the Low-Pass Filter. For example: to attenuate the high frequency content of the feedback (delayed) signal, lower it’s value. The lower the setting, the more high frequencies are attenuated.

Tempo Sync

This delay setting allows you to specify a note value (say an eighth note) and the delay unit or plugin will automatically calculate and set the delay time based on the song tempo and will stay in sync giving you precise time repetitions based on the selected note value.

Some delays even have a Meter setting in the tempo section… where you can tell the delay unit whether your song is in 4/4, 3/4 etc…

Depth

If your delay unit offers modulated delay,  you might see this delay parameter. It controls how much modulation is applied to the signal.

Rate

Controls the rate of the modulation (chorus for example) applied to the delayed signal.

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If you are new to using delay effects, I suggest you try playing around with the basic settings first (Time, Mix, and Feedback) before you move on to the settings involving modulated delays etc…

In our next installment we put what we’ve learned about Delay Effects into some practical use.

Delay Setting Signal

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