Understanding Delay Effects, Part 2

Delay Setting Signal

Last post, I gave you an overview of the different types of delay effects, let’s discuss some of the specific delay parameters (settings).

Delay Time

This setting is the time between the original signal and the delayed signal. (This is where you would refer back to the last article and choose your delay time setting according to the type of effect you want)

Mix or Dry/Wet

Balance between the delayed or “wet” (delayed) signal and the original signal.

Feedback

The amount of feedback coming back to the delay input. It controls the number of repetitions of the delayed signal.

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Additional Delay Settings and Parameters May Include:

Other delay settings exist depending on the hardware unit or plugin available to you.

Input or Gain

How much signal coming into the device. You’d adjust this setting to prevent clipping.

LPF (Low-Pass Filter)

Set this delay parameter to control the cutoff frequency of the Low-Pass Filter. For example: to attenuate the high frequency content of the feedback (delayed) signal, lower it’s value. The lower the setting, the more high frequencies are attenuated.

Tempo Sync

This delay setting allows you to specify a note value (say an eighth note) and the delay unit or plugin will automatically calculate and set the delay time based on the song tempo and will stay in sync giving you precise time repetitions based on the selected note value.

Some delays even have a Meter setting in the tempo section… where you can tell the delay unit whether your song is in 4/4, 3/4 etc…

Depth

If your delay unit offers modulated delay,  you might see this delay parameter. It controls how much modulation is applied to the signal.

Rate

Controls the rate of the modulation (chorus for example) applied to the delayed signal.

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If you are new to using delay effects, I suggest you try playing around with the basic settings first (Time, Mix, and Feedback) before you move on to the settings involving modulated delays etc…

In our next installment we put what we’ve learned about Delay Effects into some practical use.

Delay Setting Signal

2 comments

  1. Hello Luis , thanks for the video, as far as the effects like Delay Reverb, chorus , and flanging. I was read a blog from Ken Lewis , he was saying the biggest problem with new Mixers is trying to dress them up with to many effects. As for myself , I found my problem was trying to create a great Mix right from the start. And this was before I was even any good at Mixing, My dad told me long ago, when in doubt, go back to the basics. For the new year I’am setting time Limits on my Mixes , I’am going to finish a mix in a day, nomatter how it is, when I finish a mix in a day thats halfway decent ,then I will work on adding effects. thanks again Bill

  2. Hey Bill! Nice to hear from you! I apologize for the delayed reply to your comment as I wasnt aware of it. Very nice on setting time limits to challenge yourself with your mixes. Im sure you continue to improve your craft and thats awesome:-)
    As of using effects in your mixes, I’d say it is never a good idea to overuse them. As a matter of fact, not every mix call for time or modulation based effects at all unless used for very specific purposes not necessarily related to altering the sound.
    These are just tools and techniques you can add to your bag of tools and apply only when needed.
    Again, thanks for commenting and i wish you the very best as you continue through your mixing journey!
    Blessings to you and yours my friend…
    Luis

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